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Chrisのワンポイント英会話
皆様、シルバーウィークはいかがお過ごしでしたか?
天候にも恵まれ、自分へのご褒美や家族サービスにと充実した時間を過ごせたのではないでしょうか?

さて突然ですが、今日から新しく始まりました早朝インストラクターChrisのワンポイント英会話。
こちらが、そのChrisです。どうも、はじめまして。

chris

第1回目の今日は「リスニングを上達させるためのコツ」を伝授します。

アメリカから日本に来て早10数年。日本での講師経験が豊富なChrisからのアドバイスで、
皆さん更にスキルアップしていきましょう!



How to Improve Listening

A lot of students don't know how to improve listening. It's a difficult but important skill. If you just listen to a CD every day, it takes a very long time to get better. If you just listen to a CD sometimes, it takes too long to get better.

Here are some ideas for you to try!

Monday:
Listen to the conversation, article, or podcast three times. You want to understand the general information, so don't worry too much about details. The best audio for self-study is generally about two or three minutes.

Tuesday:
Listen to the article again, and think about a short summary of the information. If there are questions for the audio, then you can try to answer these too. Don't write anything, just think about it.

Wednesday:
Listen to several times again, but write a short summary. This will help you more deeply understand the information. It will also help you support your ideas.

Thursday:
As you listen to the conversation, article, or podcast, take dictation. Listen to a sentence, then write the sentence. Listen to the next sentence, then write that too. Continue through the whole conversation, article, or podcast. Because you listened and thought about the information many times on Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday, you can remember a lot of the grammar, vocabulary, and phrases. This is a good thing.

Friday:
Listen to the whole article again. Repeat the sentences aloud too. This will further reinforce the grammar, vocabulary, and phrases in your head. It will also improve your pronunciation and intonation.

This process is quite challenging, but also keeps the audio interesting. It guarantees your comprehension will be high. You'll also be better able to use the key information in conversations in the future.

Good luck!



早朝英会話のリンガフォン
Linguaphone Early-Bird Lessons
スクール見学・無料体験実施中!
スポンサーサイト

テーマ: 英語・英会話学習 - ジャンル:学校・教育

[2009/09/24 11:53] | 早朝ワンポイント英会話 | トラックバック(0) | コメント(0) | page top
Chrisのワンポイント英会話(第2回)
早朝サッカー

サッカー日本代表の試合を見ていると、シュートを打てるところで打たずに
パスを選択するシーンをよく見かけます。

「自分がシュートを打つよりも、(入れる確率の高い)フリーの選手がいたので」

よく聞くセリフです。確実に点を取るためにはあながち間違いではないかもしれません。
でも、「日本人はミスを極端に恐れる」「シュートを打たないから日本は怖くない」・・・
海外メディアから見れば、日本のサッカーはこのような評価があるのも事実です。

一方、つい最近ブラジル人と草サッカーをしたのですが、彼らはフリーの味方がいても
パスをくれません。自分でどんどんシュートを打ってしまいます。
また、海外サッカーを見ていても、「そんなところで打つの?」というシーンが多々あります。

ちょっと強引かもしれませんが、日本人が中高と英語を6年間も学んでいるのに
ほとんどの人が話せないのは、このようにミスを恐れる国民性があるのかもしれません。

さて、今回のChrisのワンポイント英会話は、「間違いはOK」ということがテーマです。
まずは、たくさん英語を話す事が大事です。間違えてもいいから積極的に話しましょう!



Mistakes are Okay!

Everybody has an internal critic, and he's preventing you from speaking! He says, "That's a mistake!" and "You're not very good at English, are you?!" and "Watch out for verb tenses!"

But did you know that your critic is wrong? Did you know mistakes are a good thing?

Let's say you've just learned some new vocabulary or sentence structure. As you first start to use it, you will of course make mistakes. The information is new and not so familiar. But you will also make many more mistakes with familiar language. Why? Because you're so intently focused on the new information, slips occur elsewhere. As you use the new material, the mistakes become fewer and fewer.

Your teacher should pay attention to mistakes with the new language at the start of the lesson. He should ignore mistakes with other, more familiar language too. But as the lesson continues, and you become more comfortable with the information, then he should correct other mistakes that you make. This will help you link new language with old language.

But even later in the lesson, some mistakes can be a good thing. For example, let's say that your class has an extended discussion on vacations for the final part of the lesson. You'll mix the new information with previously learned material in new and dynamic ways. In effect, you personalize the language, respond to questions, direct the conversation to areas of interest, and use English that best meets your needs. Mistakes naturally result here because you take risks. You experiment. You move beyond the strict and narrow confines of the target language, and open up new possibilities with English. This is a good thing, a very good thing.

Remember: Your critic is wrong. Ignore him. Focus on speaking because mistakes aren't so bad.


早朝英会話のリンガフォン
Linguaphone Early-Bird Lessons
スクール見学・無料体験実施中!

テーマ: 英語・英会話学習 - ジャンル:学校・教育

[2009/10/08 17:40] | 早朝ワンポイント英会話 | トラックバック(0) | コメント(0) | page top
Chrisのワンポイント英会話(第3回)
早朝英会話 辞書

皆さん、こんばんは。

先週末から急に寒くなりました。しかも台風まで来ています。
しかし今回の台風は壮大なフェイントを見せてくれましたね。
おいおい、こっちに戻ってくるか?と。

サッカーをやっている私としては、あのキレは台風にしておくにはもったいない!
私もあのくらいのフェイントができれば、先週の早朝サッカーで負けることなんて
なかったのに・・・。

さて、今回のChrisのワンポイント英会話は、「ボキャブラリーの学習方法」です。
この勉強方法で、ボキャブラリーを是非伸ばしてください!



How to Learn Vocabulary

A lot of people ignore vocabulary and focus on grammar. But if you don't have many words, then you can't say very much. In my opinion, in many ways, vocabulary is more important than grammar. This is especially true at the early levels of study.

In order to understand a word, you should try to understand and remember:

Form: This refers to the spelling, pronunciation, and the type of word (noun, verb, etc.)

Meaning: This refers to the mental image. This means you should understand how the word is used in context.

Use: Put simply, how is the word used? Is the word conversation or is it formal? Is it more often used orally or written? Is it better for business correspondence or for emails? These are important questions.

There are many ways to learn the form, meaning, and use. Some ideas work well. Some ideas don't work so well. Some ideas don't work at all! But no matter the method, you have to return to the words again and again to remember them. Try this:

Make you own dictionary.

Step One:
After every class, look up the words you didn't know. Write these words in your notebook.

Step Two:
Check the form of the word, especially the type of word.

Step Three:
Make your own definition. Don't copy the definition from the dictionary, because you won't remember the information so well. The definition can be in English or Japanese.

Step Four:
Make an example sentence with the word.

Step Five:
Review your dictionary every day.

Step Six:
Add a few words every day.


早朝英会話のリンガフォン
Linguaphone Early-Bird Lessons
スクール見学・無料体験を好評実施中!


テーマ: 英語・英会話学習 - ジャンル:学校・教育

[2009/10/26 18:05] | 早朝ワンポイント英会話 | トラックバック(0) | コメント(0) | page top
Chrisのワンポイント英会話(第4回)
みなさん、こんばんは。
今日は寒い一日でしたね。12月中旬の気温ということで、コートを着ている方も多かったです。

さて、今回のChrisのワンポイント英会話は、「辞書の良し悪し」についてがテーマです。
英和辞書に頼っていると、なかなか上達しませんよ。

今回は過去のワンポイント英会話とリンクしていますので、参考にしてみてください。



Dictionaries: Good and Bad

Dictionaries are a great tool for learning. In fact, I'll even say that they are a vital tool for learning. However, there are positives and negative with dictionary use. Consider the following:

Positives:

1: You can improve vocabulary with dictionaries. You check words that you don't know very easily.

2: You can check synonyms of new words, which helps you better remember any new words.

3: You can check pronunciation, how the word is used, and collocations.

4: They're quick and easy to use, so you can go back to the conversation/written text without too much trouble.


Negatives:

1: There are sometimes so many words and so many different meanings, you may find it hard to understand which synonym/meaning is the best choice. The first entry in the dictionary may not always be correct for your needs.

2: Dictionaries are too quick and easy to use. If you check many words in the dictionary, then you the conversation doesn't flow smoothly. It's also too easy to check a word, use it, and then quickly forget it.

3: Dictionaries don't let you develop important skills like explaining around a word you don't know (circumlocution). You also don't learn how to guess the meaning of a word from context. These are only two examples.

4: If you only use an English-Japanese dictionary, then the translation may not be clear.

5: If you use an English-English dictionary, then the definitions may be too difficult to understand.


When studying English, you should limit your use of the dictionary. As a beginner, it's okay to look at the English-Japanese dictionary. As you become better and better at English, you should try to use only the English-English dictionary. This will give you a better mental picture of the word. The meaning will be more accurate.

In the classroom, you should try to use the dictionary only for difficult words not important to remember. You can check the dictionary for technical words that are too difficult and not so important for regular communication, for example. In the classroom, you should also try to explain around a word that you don't know. Remember: Mistakes are okay, so focus on clear, quick communication instead of getting every word perfect. Don't check your dictionary every time you get stuck. Lastly, if you don't know how to spell or pronounce a word, then dictionaries in the classroom are okay too.

At home, you have more time to check words. You have more time to review words that you don't know so well. Most words that you check in the dictionary at home should also be written in a notebook. Again, you don't have to write down words that are too difficult or not important. You can read about how to learn vocabulary.


早朝英会話のリンガフォン
Linguaphone Early-Bird Lessons
スクール見学・無料体験実施中!


テーマ: 英語・英会話学習 - ジャンル:学校・教育

[2009/11/13 18:41] | 早朝ワンポイント英会話 | トラックバック(0) | コメント(0) | page top
Dr.さゆりの早朝自習ルーム(第12回)
皆さん、こんばんは。

今年最後の自習ルームをお届けします。それでは、どうぞ!



(Unit 10 Review)

must , have to Part2

先週は(肯定文)must = have to で少し違いがあるという話をしましたが、
(そんなに気にするほどではありませんが。。。)
今週は絶対気をつけてほしい、must, have to の用法を覚えましょう。
そう、否定文では全然違う意味になるので、注意しなければなりません。

don’t have to = don’t need to (~する必要がない)
must not (~してはいけない)禁止


テキストにある We don’t have to stop here. It’s a green light.
(ここで止まらなくてもいいよ、信号、青だから。)

それでは、We must not stop here. は?
(ここで止まってはいけない。)ですね!



日本のバレンタインデイで男性はチョコレートを女性にあげる必要はない。を英語で言ってみましょう。

In Japan, men don’t have to give women chocolate for Valentine’s Day.


その日に、女性は男性にチョコレートをあげるのを忘れてはならない。は?

Women must not forget to give men chocolate on this day.


must に過去形はありましたっけ?

昨日朝早く起きなきゃならなかった。を英語にする時、

I musted get up early yesterday. なんて聞いたことありませんよね?

過去形にするには have to を had to にすればいいんです。

I had to get up early yesterday. ですね。



must には「~に違いない」という推測をあらわすこともできます。

He must be very tired. (彼はすごく疲れているにちがいない)

You must know it. (あなたはそれを知っているにちがいない)

これは「あなたはそれを知らなければならない、知っているはずだ」とも取ることができますが、
その時の文脈によって判断するといいでしょう。


早朝英会話のリンガフォン
Linguaphone Early-Bird Practice
スクール見学・無料体験実施中!



テーマ: 英語・英会話学習 - ジャンル:学校・教育

[2009/12/22 17:48] | 早朝ワンポイント英会話 | トラックバック(0) | コメント(0) | page top
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